Social anxiety disorder is a mental health condition that affects 4.7% of Australians each year. The complex interplay between psychoevolutionary and cognitive models has become the focus of research in recent years, particularly with the development of the bivalent fear of evaluation model (i.e., negative and positive evaluation fears). The present study aimed to test a model of social anxiety symptoms using structural equation modelling, integrating previously fragmented evidence. A sample of 255 participants (75.3% female; Mdecades = 31.9, flirtymature SD = 10.3) undertook an online survey, including Social Phobia Scale, Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation-Straightforward, Fear of Positive Evaluation, Concerns of Social Reprisal, and Disqualifications of Positive Social Outcomes measures. The hypothesised model for social anxiety symptoms described the data reasonably well (? 2 (1) = 4.917, p = .027, CFI = .995, GFI = .992, SRMR = .017), explaining 57.1% of social anxiety variance. Study hypotheses were supported with bivalent fear of evaluation accounting for unique variance in cognitive distortions, which in turn accounted for unique variation in social anxiety symptoms. Effect sizes indicate bivalent fears of evaluation and disqualification of positive social outcomes as important predictors of social anxiety symptoms. Although replication in a clinical cohort and experimental confirmation are needed, the findings suggest a focus on disqualification of positive social outcomes to alleviate social anxiety symptoms.
What This topic Contributes?
Impact types recommend that the newest intellectual distortion disqualification out of confident societal outcomes is an important convertible predictor out of personal anxiety episodes.
Personal panic (SAD) is actually a mental health matter whereby anyone anxiety and you can survive that have problems otherwise prevent societal activities, such as societal correspondence otherwise activities one to erican Psychological Connection, 2013 ). Sad have an estimated 12?month incidence away from cuatro.7% (Australian Bureau out-of Statistics, 2007 ) and you may an existence frequency of several% (Kessler ainsi que al., 2005 ). Those with Sad be more than just doubly planning to deal with jobless weighed against people who have other panic disorders (Moitra, Beard, Weisberg, Keller, 2011 ). Because of the effect out-of Unfortunate, it is important to see the hidden processes that will determine public nervousness symptoms.
Public nervousness usually might have been thought as with the a beneficial concern about bad review (FNE) (Watson Friend, 1969 ). The connection between Unfortunate and FNE might have been generally supported (Koci ; Menatti ainsi que al., 2015 ; Months, 2015 ; Months Howell, 2012 ; Yap, Gibbs, Francis, Schuster, 2016 ). An impact out-of FNE has been seen as an inherited issues detection program from your psychoevolutionary earlier you to encourages me to tailor behaviors in a manner that covers united states off public harm, eg a loss in accessibility category tips because of exception (Clark Wells, 1995 ; Gilbert, 2001 ). Considering models connected with FNE was theorised to help you elevate and you can perpetuate societal stress symptoms (Rapee Heimberg, 1997 ).
More recently, concern about self-confident analysis (FPE) has been considered in the look, suggesting you to FNE and you can FPE co?exist just like the a bivalent fear of comparison (BFOE), where individuals concern comparison typically (Days Howell, 2014 ). The relationship ranging from Sad and you can FPE have gained increasing support in the past few years (Koci ; Menatti et al., 2015 ; Weeks, 2015 ; Days Howell, 2012 ; Yap ainsi que al., 2016 ). While FNE can be involved that have an awful move for the research, FPE can be involved having an optimistic change in the investigations. The feeling out-of FPE might have been thought to be a genetic risk recognition program you to motivates avoidant conduct into the are examined too favourably, so you can reduce the chance of signalling difficulty and you will unwittingly getting into way too many argument otherwise race (Trower Gilbert, 1989 ; Months Howell, 2014 ). This new thinking habits nearby BFOE haven’t yet become solved (Heimberg, Brozovich, Rapee, 2010 ), and so are the focus of the paper.